Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data. Carr, Nicholas G., –. The shallows: what the Internet is doing to our brains/Nicholas. The Shallows: What the Internet Is Doing to Our Brains. Home · The Shallows: What the Internet Is Doing to Our Brains Author: Nicholas Carr. downloads . 𝗣𝗗𝗙 | It is a truism among academics that most of the creative work at a conference Nicholas Carr has a problem and I think I have it, too.

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Nicholas Carr has become one of America's “public intellectuals” [1] in that his work has become iconic for us. As that work has focused. What the Internet is Doing to Our Brain“ and some implications for Net based learning Summary Author This paper reviews Nicholas Carr's book “The Shallows. the shallows also by nicholas carr the shallows. Pages·· KB· Downloads. speaking with “the voice of the current somnambulism.” 4 Every new .

The brain has a certain area and culture to memorize stuff for a short time span. Usually, parts of the storage in the short term memory is further processed and passed on to other brain regions for long term memorisation. Biological long term memory is really the result of a complex process by means of biological, chemical, electrical, and genetic signals.

While short term memory changes the way synapses work, long term memory actually changes the brain cell's physiology.

Individual memory truly shapens the self, and personal memory shapes and sustains the collective memory. Memory is thus an important part of culture. But the latter is a mere storage of static information, while biological memory is always in a state of progress, changing the brain's structure with every new experience or piece of information.

The Shallows

The overflooded As said before, part of what is stored in the primary memory gets passed on brain for further processing, the rest is forgotten after a few seconds.

But the internet fills it up with a constant flood of information, bit by bit, second by second, and its capacity is soon exhausted.

According to Carr neurologists say, that in the effect no or very little information is processed into the long term memory. Rather is the short term memory regulary flushed to make room for new input.

The author puts it this way: Psychological studies show that empathy and compassion also require such a settled mind. Taking the speed and velocity as well as the enormous quantity of internet information consumption into account, it might be difficult to develop a calm and attentive mind. Perhaps, this might be a cause for the loss of compassion which is so often critisised in youth.

This might require at first to define the term 'Net based learning'.

In this paper I use the term for any learning activity that is situated in the broader context of internet connections, e. Such learning environments have in common that they are solely accessible by internet connections, and thus a participant has to be online and, by means of interactivity, accessible too.

The Shallows: What the Internet Is Doing to Our Brains

Net based learning environments offer a great deal of advantages, yet taking into account what Carr has researched, it might also obscure learning by offering, or rather imposing distractions. This is most obvious in public informal learning situations.

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A wiki, for instance, is a marvellous tool to collaboratively explore topics. However, adverts can be displayed to generate revenue in order to pay hosting costs, and the typical hypertextual wiki structure itself can easily lead into directions which have little or nothing to do with the original subject matter. At the same time it is one of a wiki's strenghts to offer easy access to linked content.

Thus wiki users have to learn how to use this specific technological environment without getting distracted and eventually lost. Or, in other terms, how to focus on their topic at hand, and distinguish relevant from irrelevant additional content.

The same strategy applies to the use of other learning material and learning environments presented in the Net. Strategies to learn While distraction is one aspect to reckon with, scattered attention is another effectively one. Although it looks like the same problem at first glance, it has a different effect. When distracted one strays off course and explores differing subjects, yet this might still be in a state of concentration.

Having attention interrupted repeatedly rather leads to a likewise discontinued behavior, e. In the effect the working memory is constantly filled with new information in a pace faster than information can be processed. There is little chance thus to get anything deeper down into memory, and the learning success will be smaller than it could be in a calmer environment. Learning online effectively thus demands certain rules to prevent occupation with anything else than the learning matter.

One of these quite simple rules could be to shut down any communication client, be it instant messengers or email software, or to disable automated notification on received messages. When working on a paper locally, it might even be a good idea to disable the internet connection completely temporarily.

This shouldn't sound too revolutionary to anyone, yet it might feel quite unusual. Additionally, switching off mobile phone communication functions will be helpful.

This demands to design a proximity with a balanced relation of both, typical and necessary communication and researching tools, and a space that enables concentration without distraction. Designers and administrators have to find ways to incorporate desired functionalities while building visually clear and non-distractive surroundings. It is also necessary to equip learners with the competences needed for successful Net based learning. Media literacy should include the ability to build one's individual optimal learning and working environment.

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Specific courses and materials will be helpful as well as peer-to-peer support and one-on-one coaching. References Baddeley, Alan D. Working memory. Looking back and looking forward. Is working memory still working? The Shallows. Submit Search.

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Actions Shares. Embeds 0 No embeds.Looking back and looking forward. Problem 1: Reducing subtlety of thought Though we need distractions when we work too much stimulation can prevent our minds from thinking either deeply or creatively. These challenges include the tool's usage, its functional capabilities, and its effects on our working and learning practices. He is not the man to preach about a supposedly evil technology, rather is he an enthusiastic Net user. The full licence can be consulted on http: While short term memory changes the way synapses work, long term memory actually changes the brain cell's physiology.